If you know the characteristics of the program, you can enjoy kagura even more!
The rhythm and luxury of the costumes differ depending on the Kagura program, but each program captivates the audience with live music and powerful dances. The story is also clear and easy to understand because the basics are kanzen and evil. Here are 18 programs performed at Hiroshima Kagura.
Ceremonial dance (Gishiki Mai)
Kagura was originally performed at the shrine in gratitude for the autumn harvest, and at the beginning of kagura, a “ceremonial dance” is always performed to welcome the gods, and the order is kept even in the competition where each kagura group other than the dedicated kagura competes for their skills That’s it.
The ritual dance is also called “Kamimukae”, “Kamioroshi (Kamioroshi),” and “Shioharai,” and is a dance that purifies the place of Kagura to greet the gods, and Izanagi no Mikoto returned from Yomi no Kuni (Izanagi no Mikoto) It has its origin in a myth in which Tachibana no Komon (gate) performed a roar in the seawater of Awa-kihara, and it is said that they worship the four sides of the east, west, north and south.
It is a story in which Jingchan, who heard that Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty was troubled by the plague god, exterminates the plague god. Against the god of pestilence invisible to humans, Shoko makes a ring with thatches, captures the appearance of the pestilence god through the ‘ring of chayashi,’ and slashes it with a treasured sword. It’s a dance of just two people, but it’s majestic.
Amaterasu Omikami (Amaterasu Omikami), who was angry at the violence of his younger brother Susanoo no Mikoto (Susanoo no Mikoto), was hidden away in Amano no Iwato. Then, Takamanohara became dark, and there were gods involved in evil deeds. The eight million gods dance kagura in front of Iwato, hoping for the appearance of Amaterasu, and invite Amaterasu. Then the world becomes bright again, and the gods dance with joy. The myth of Amanoiwato is the first myth in Japan. There are six tones and eight tones, but it is the most sacred program, and it is a heartwarming and happy story that is rare in kagura stories.
Yahata (Yahata, Hachiman)
The god of Hachiman, Honda no Mikoto (Hondawake no Mikoto = Emperor Ojin), enshrined in Usa Hachimangu Shrine in Kyushu Buzen Province, confronts a demon king called the “Sixth Heavenly Demon King” who flew in from a foreign country, a mulberry bow (Jinzu’s bow), and an omo arrow ( It is a story about defeating a servant, Kadomaru, and his demon king with a hand arrow). A kagura that celebrates the virtue of the god of Hachiman.
A person who visited Miho-jinja Shrine calls a court lady and listens to the auspices of Miho-jinja Shrine. The court lady answered that the name of the shrine no Okami was called Kotoshironushi no Mikoto, and that he was the son of Okuninushi no Mikoto (Okuninushi no Mikoto), and described his achievements. Kotoshiro no Mikoto saved his father’s life to rule this country, and taught people the ways of fishing and commerce. After his father became Daikoku, he himself confined himself to Miho no miya and became the god of Ebisu. And even now, it is said that when the waves and wind are calm, they appear on the shore and fish. Then, the god of Ebisu appeared in front of the pilgrimage. It is often performed at festive seats such as the god of fishing and celebration ceremonies. The funny and ludicrous dance that symbolizes the characters of Ebisu is very popular.
Famous as a happy kagura
It is a popular and heart-soothing program for its funny and humorous dances. Recently, it has been widely performed at inauguration ceremonies and weddings.
Udaijin SUGAWARA no Michizane was demoted to Chikushi Dazaifu due to the slander of Sadaijin FUJIWARA no Tokihira. However, Michizane thought that if the retainers were left as they were, the security of the nation would not be unsettled, he became the god of thunder and tried to punish Tokihira. Tokihira, who caused nausea, intercepts Michizane, but is finally defeated. After his death, the spirit of Michizane was enshrined by a god and worshiped as “Tenjin,” and Tenman-gu Shrine was promoted throughout the country, such as Kitano Tenmangu Shrine and Dazaifu Tenmangu Shrine.
In the reign of Emperor Chuai, a large army attacked from a foreign country. At that time, there was also a great demon called “dust” that had wings and flew freely in the sky. The emperor, together with his companion Takamaru, exterminated the emperor himself with the virtues of “Heaven no Kagoyumi” (Ame no Kagoyumi) and “Heaven no Habaya” (Amanohabaya). The face of Jinrin is one of the largest Kagura masks, and it is creepy because the jaws stick out. Also, depending on the kagura group, there are productions in which multiple appearances are made. And the production of Jinrin flying above the clouds is also a sight to behold, with movements that show freedom of flight.
Mt. Katsuragi (Katsuragizan)
When MINAMOTO no Yorimitsu is sick and is sleeping, a handmaid Kocho comes and recommends a medicinal bath that he received from Tenyaku no kami. When Yorimitsu drank the medicinal bath, he becomes even worse and he falls down. In fact, the phalaenopsis is a clay spider that lives on Mt. Katsuragi, and tried to poison Yorimitsu, who took a grudge. That night, the phalaenopsis reveals the nature of Tsuchigumo and attacks Raiko. However, when Yorimitsu shook the famous sword, Hizekiri Maru and showered the Tsuchigumo with one sword, the Tsuchigumo quickly disappeared. Sakata Kintoki and Urabe Suetake, of the four heavenly kings, rushed to the commotion, arrived at Mt. Katsuragi after the bloodstains of a clay spider and found a clay spider. Fight fiercely and finally defeat the Tsuchigumo. Tsuchigumo’s horrible face and costumes are popular plays.
~ A popular program also called “Tsuchigumo” ~
The highlight is the fast-paced dance that kills Tsuchigumo (Tsuchigumo).
Mt. Oe (Oeyama)
It is a story in which MINAMOTO no Yorimitsu takes the four heavenly kings to defeat Shuten Doji, a demon living in Mt. Oe. The four heavenly kings are Watanabe Tsuna, Sakata Kintoki, Usui Sadamichi, and Urabe Suetake. After being bestowed with sacred sake from the gods, the party joins Shuten Doji, who is serving sake with his retainers, demons. Therefore, they let them drink sacred sake and defeated the demons who lost their power due to the merits of the sacred sake. There are many characters in this program, and the highlight is the scene where they raise their names, show their dances, and finally get confused and fight.
~The fighting scene is powerful~
There are many characters that are impressive, and it is a popular program.
Wakaminuke no Mikoto, who ruled Takachiho in Hyuga Province, decided to go to Yamato Province, and first went to Kumano, Kino Province. Immediately after landing, he was attacked by a giant bear, but he dismissed the trouble and finally arrived at Yamato Province. However, there is a battle with Nagasunehiko (Nagasunehiko), and life is victorious with the help of Kinko. After that, Mikoto decided that the land of Kashihara at the foot of the Une-volcano was the capital, changed the name to Kamiyama no Mikoto (called Kamiyama no Mikoto), that is, Emperor Jinmu, and founded the country of Japan. There is a record that this program was created by Yoritoshi Inoue in response to the request of the Kagura Troupe in Mibu, Chiyoda-cho around Meiji 16, and it is known as an original program created by Hiroshima prefecture.
Nihon Takeru no Mikoto (Yamato Takeru no Mikoto)
(1) Japan Takeru no Mikoto, who left for the suppression of the Togoku region, is on the way to the elder brother of a small demon in the country of Suruga, is conspired by his brother, and is set on fire from all sides and is in a pinch of desperate life. However, he used the treasured sword, Amano Murakumo no Tsurugi, which was bestowed by his aunt Yamatohime (hence the name was changed to “Kusanagi no Tsurugi”), and defeated the konidomo with the flint of the protection bag.
(2) In the reign of Emperor Keiko, Yamatoguna no Mikoto, the second prince, went down to Japan to conquer Takeshi Kawakami, who had boasted power in Chikushi Province and was against the Yamato Imperial Court. Mikoto dressed up as a woman and approached the warrior, seeing the opportunity for a spree, defeated the Takeshi. Takeshi said, “Life is the greatest warrior in Japan. Therefore, from now on, my name will be called “Nihon Takeru no Mikoto” with a single character. I made a suggestation and died out.
There are two stories in “Nihon Takeru no Mikoto” that are sourced from the Kojiki (1) ＜Eastern Expedition＞ and (2) ＜Kumasei Conquest ＞.
Ibaraki Doji, a subordinate of Shuten Doji, a demon who lives on Mt. Oe, disguises herself as an old woman and haunts the area around Rashomon Gate and Modoribashi Bridge in Heian-kyo, and causes disaster to people. Therefore, MINAMOTO no Yorimitsu ordered Watanabe Tsuna, one of his retainers called the “Four Heavenly Kings,” to subjugate Ibaraki Doji. However, Ibaraki Doji used witchcraft skillfully and summoned Shuten Doji. The life of Watanabe Tsuna is in danger. Then, Sakata Kintoki appeared after receiving the divine virtue of Iwashimizu Hachiman. When the two men cut off Ibaraki Doji’s left arm, they fled back to Mt. Oe. Actually, this program is also a part of the first part of the feature film “Oeyama,” and the story then continues with “Rashomon” and “Oeyama.”
Takiyashahime (Takiya Shahime)
Takiyashahime, whose father TAIRA no Masakado was killed by FUJIWARA no Hidesato and TAIRA no Sadamori, prayed to Kifune-jinja Shrine to clear her father’s regret. Then, she was given a mysterious witchcraft, transformed into a demon, gathered her minions, and immediately became a noisy person in the world. Therefore, Mitsukuni from Oyake borrowed the power of Onmyoji ABE no Seimei under the imperial order, and finally the princess was defeated. The mask of the princess in this program is one of the most horrible forms among the demon masks. It is also a sad story in which the grudge of a princess is imbued.
When Chinju-fu Shogun, Taira no Koremige, with his servants, goes to Mt. Togakushi, he meets beautiful women holding an autumn leaf hunting spree. When Koremochi tries to pass by, the women skillfully recommend drinking, and Koremochi gets drunk. Then, Hachiman Dai Bosatsu appears in a dream and bestows a divine sword. Women who have revealed their true nature become demons and attack them, but Koremochi defeats the demons with a divine sword.
Yukei asks for accommodation in a house in Adachihara Kurozuka, where evil fox (demon) lives, during the training of provinces with the strength of his servants. However, the mistress of the house is the evil fox (demon). The strength is eaten, but the priest runs away from life. Eventually, on the orders of the Imperial Court, Miura no Suke and Kazusa no suke, who were masters of archery, defeated the evil fox (evil woman).
Great snake (Orochi), Yamata no Orochi (Yamata no Orochi)
A representative kagura program that everyone knows. Susanoo no Mikoto, who was driven from heaven due to misdeeds, meets an elderly couple and their daughter, Kushiinada-hime, in Izumo Province, who grieve over the disaster of Yamata no Orochi in Izumo Province. When asked the reason, he says that a large snake called “Yaga Dairochi” lives in Kawakami, and eight daughters of an elderly couple are eaten one by one every year, and this year it was the turn of the last remaining Kushiinada-hime. Therefore, life is worried about one total, drunk the big snake with poisonous sake, and kill him at the end. At that time, a treasured sword, Amanomurakumo no Tsurugi, comes out from the tail of a large snake, and Mikoto presents it to Amaterasu Omikami. A powerful performance in which up to 8 large snakes appear.
~ Representative kagura programs that everyone knows ~
I’m paying attention to the powerful confrontation between a giant snake and Susanoo no Mikoto.